Calling Methods from Another Class in Java

Overview of Calling Methods from Another Class in Java

Java, a versatile and widely-used object-oriented programming language, allows developers to organize code into reusable components, primarily through classes and methods. A fundamental aspect of Java programming involves calling methods from another class, which boosts modularity and reduces redundancy. This guide provides a comprehensive understanding of how to effectively call methods across different classes in Java, discussing various scenarios and best practices.

Understanding Classes and Methods in Java

Before delving into inter-class communication, it’s crucial to understand what classes and methods represent in Java:

  • Class: A blueprint for creating objects that contains specific attributes (variables) and behaviors (methods).
  • Method: A block of code within a class that performs a specific task and can be executed when called.

Types of Methods in Java

Methods in Java can be categorized primarily into two types:

  • Instance Methods: Operate on instances of a class. They require object creation to be called.
  • Static Methods: Belong to the class rather than any object of the class and can be called without creating an instance.

Calling Methods Within the Same Class

To set a foundation, here’s how methods are typically called within the same class:

public class MyClass {
    void methodA() {
        System.out.println(Method A is called.);

    void methodB() {
        methodA();  // Calling methodA from methodB
        System.out.println(Method B is called.);

Calling Methods from Another Class

Using Instance Methods

Instance methods are called on objects of the class. To call an instance method from another class, you need to:

  1. Create an object of the class where the method is defined.
  2. Use the dot notation to call the method using the created object.
public class ClassA {
    public void display() {
        System.out.println(Display method of ClassA);

public class ClassB {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        ClassA obj = new ClassA();  // Creating an object of ClassA
        obj.display();  // Calling the display method

Using Static Methods

Static methods can be called directly using the class name, without needing to instantiate the class:

public class Utility {
    public static void printMessage() {
        System.out.println(This is a static method.);

public class TestUtility {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Utility.printMessage();  // Calling static method without an object

Best Practices and Considerations

  • Method Visibility: Ensure that the method visibility (public, protected, or default) allows for it to be accessed from the other class.
  • Static vs. Instance: Use static methods when the operation does not depend on the state of objects. Otherwise, use an instance method.
  • Parameter Handling: If the method requires parameters, pass appropriate arguments when calling the method.
  • Return Types: Handle any return values from the method appropriately, especially in conditional logic or calculations.

Common Scenarios and Examples

In practical applications, you may face scenarios such as:

  • Accessing utility functions from various parts of an application.
  • Calling methods for creating and managing UI components in different classes.
  • Implementing core logic in one class and accessing it from multiple other classes.

Conclusion and Recommendations

Understanding how to call methods from another class in Java is essential for designing clean and manageable code. Whether you choose to use static or instance methods, consider the specific needs of your application regarding reusability and the state-dependency of the methods.

For novices, start with small applications to practice these concepts. For more experienced developers, review existing projects to optimize code modularity and reusability.

Use Case Recommendations

  • Large-scale applications: Use a combination of static and instance methods to provide clarity and reduce object creation overhead where appropriate.
  • Reusable libraries: Implement core functionalities as static methods, enabling ease of access across different classes without instantiation.
  • Client-server applications: Utilize instance methods for handling client-specific states while employing static methods for shared functionalities.


What is the difference between static and instance methods in Java?

Static methods belong to the class and do not need an object to be called. Instance methods, on the other hand, require object instantiation as they operate on the state of specific objects.

How do I call an instance method from another class?

Create an instance of the class using the new keyword and then use the dot notation to call the method using the object.

Can I access a private method from another class in Java?

No, private methods are accessible only within the class they are declared and cannot be accessed directly from another class.

Is it possible to call class methods without creating an object?

Yes, static methods can be called using the class name directly without creating an object.

What should I consider while using methods from different classes?

Consider visibility modifiers, object state dependencies, performance implications of object creation, and the proper handling of method return values.

We hope this guide aids you in understanding and implementing method calls across classes in Java proficiently. If you have any corrections, further questions, or experiences to share, please feel free to comment or reach out. We always appreciate your insights and discussion on improving coding practices within the Java community.